MAN.1.R LOGISTIC SUPPORT IN URBAN AREAS
The important increase of megalopolis will have a strong effect our future world. (In 2021, 80% of the world population will be concentrated in cities). In this area, “the weak” will be able to force the “strong”. In this so complex and so typical urban environment, any type of military action and its support will need a precise planning
and a strict conducted operation. This survey aims to enable all the countries of Finabel to have the largest knowledge of this field, the threats and the courses of action to be set up in order to support as efficiently as possible the troops committed in the urban area.
C.40.R - “GENERIC MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING,
The study is guidance to the TCN involved in the establishment of a EU Battlegroup. All the talks and the activities conducted during the planning phase must result in official documents where their intention has to be clearly stated.The study provides standardized formats to the TCN (MOU and TA) that could help them in the final phase of the EU Battlegroup planning process, where all the features of the operation have to be settled. Particularly relevant is the drafting of the Technical Agreement, where the highest level of accuracy is requested in order to avoid any kind of misunderstanding between the TCN.
C.39.R - LOGISTIC INTELLIGENCE
The aim of this study is to describe principles and procedures for gathering logistic information and producing logistic intelligence suitable for multinational planning processes focussing the study in quick response small size operations, such as those to be implemented by the EU BG.The purpose of this study is to draw up a list of those logistic aspects to be evaluated during planning and execution of a multinational force to facilitate the logistic planning process.
Logistic Intelligence is a major issue to be studied in multinational operations and makes it necessary to ensure that information is available prior to the deployment for force generation and planning purposes, and ensure that it is also available during operations.
C.38.R - DEVELOPING LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EU BATTLE GROUP
Concepts and Doctrine are the processes through which we develop our requirement for future military capability to meet the required effects and establish how we will subsequently apply military capability to achieve those effects;
To support future expeditionary operations for launching an EU Battle Group our focus is increasingly on the development of logistic as an enabling capability: a highly effective, agile and networked component that underpins the operational commanders’ ability to execute their missions successfully. It will be multinational, integrated and interoperable, tested, certified, verified and developed to provide military commanders with confidence in their ability to deliver the required effect at the required operational tempo within a tailored made logistic footprint;
This approach is fundamental to the support of a modern expeditionary strategy that emphasises flexible force packages and their rapid deploy ability, exploiting multimodal lines of communications over the required distances. A lean, agile and networked Logistic Support System enables rapid deployment with reduced footprints, whilst providing the required sustainability at the right time to the right place, in order to meet the demands of rapid reaction expeditionary operations.
C.37.R - CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO MULTINATIONAL FORCES ON DEPLOYED OPERATIONS
This study has been written to enable the use of contractors on deployed operations in order to help nations and multinational forces to meet increasing operational demands, especially in theatres which have become benign, despite the conflicting demands of an ever tighter resource and manpower pool
There is a need to develop an agreed set of general principles and guidelines to provide a baseline from which contractor support concepts for coalition operations can be developed. Beyond the principles and the guidelines, it is also mentioned in the study the advantages and disadvantages of using contractor support. This solution is totally accepted in the operations integrated or controlled by Finabel countries. It may improve the existing resources in order to get better results and consequently reach the success of the mission.
The document gives special relevance to some points, such as :
- Command and Control – it is considered that contractors can integrate the logistic chain of the force. On one hand it allows more efficient supervision of contractors activity, on the other an easier way to access to some supports by contractors.
- Integration of contractors in the planning process – it could be very important for both parties, as they would be involved on the search of the best solutions. It allows, in the perspective of the force, a better coordination of supporting activities, the possibility to share information and the capacity to evaluate the performance of the contractor. For the contractor it ensures enough time to develop planning, preparation and training activities.
- Contractors protection – the use of forces to ensure a close protection to the civilians must be analysed case by case. In general the protection of civilians must be guaranteed by the force through the implementation of an area security concept.
- Possession of weapons – contractors must not be in possession of weapons, military uniforms or any kind of military symbols, as it could compromise the personal statute of civilians, putting in risk the possibility of being under certain international agreements and the accomplishment of the contracts.
- Quality assurance – the efficiency of the contractor depends in a large way on the selection process. It must be very rigorous and must include a deep analysis to the company capabilities, to its administrative and economic situation and criminal record. This procedure will minimize the risk of the non-accomplishment of contracts.
- Multi-purpose contract – the use of multipurpose contractors has important advantages, such as the possibility to be responsible for most of the contracted services, or even for all of them, enabling a better control over the contractor.
- Risk management – it is considered the existence of two levels of risk. Security risk, inherent to military operations, and contract reliability risk related to the possibility of non-accomplishment of contracts. On the first case, risk must be accepted by both parties to allow the effectiveness of the contract. The second one is related to the contractor’s capability to ensure the contracted service. However it is important for the commander to maintain the sufficient military capability to take over the logistic support task.
- Reversibility – it’s a very important contracting principle which defines, in case of non-accomplishment of contracts, that the Commandment of a force should maintain the adequate military capability to take over the logistic support task.- Multinational cooperation and transparency – nations have the possibility to share some information related to the contractors that will help them to choose the most efficient companies. This share of information may also give access to other logistic support solutions.
G.26.R - LOGISTIC FORCE PROTECTION ON A MULTINATIONAL OPERATION
|HOW TO INCREASE PROTECTION OF LOGISTIC CAPABILITIES OF FINABEL NATIONS DEPLOYED INDIVIDUALLY OR COLLECTIVELY ON OPERATIONS.|
|The study covers all activities of logistic forces of Finabel member nations during operations in a land-environment on tactical level including activities of the medical service. The study describes the logistic forces engaged in future operations, their tasks and their capabilities. It defines the threat these forces are exposed to and analyses the force protection capabilities of logistic forces currently available. The study investigates the force protection requirements in future operations concerning personnel, equipment, stocks and operational procedures, analyses the gap between investigated requirements and capabilities currently available and closes with recommendations, how to close the gap.|
C.36.R - ORGANISATION OF THEATRE LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EXPEDITIONARY MULTINATIONAL TASK FORCE
|PRINCIPLES OF ORGANISATION OF THEATRE LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EXPEDITIONARY MULTINATIONAL TASK FORCE|
|The study defines the basic principles of organisation of Theatre Logistic Support for an expeditionary multinational task force. It covers all phases and logistic functions and emphasizes the C2 authority, visibility and capabilities are given to the Multinational Commander to execute his responsibilities for logistics efficiently and exercise his authority effectively. The coordination of support of a multinational force could be ensured by assigning an appropriate Logistics Staff under the Multinational Commander to conduct the detailed planning and execution of the JOA level plans and policies. Cooperation, coordination and synergy are fundamental to effective logistic support both among individual nations and within coalition frameworks and appropriate procedures must be in place to deliver operational effect.|
C.35.R - COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2) IN THE FIELD OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS
|COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2) IN THE FIELD OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS : ANALYSIS OF MULTINATIONAL COMMANDER’S AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO NATIONAL AND MULTINATIONAL LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.|
|There is a trend towards MN operations which, from a logistics perspective, can help to optimise the use of limited national resources and maximise the logistic capability available to the force as a whole. Reliance on add-hoc solutions is unlikely to deliver the effectiveness and efficiency sought and this suggests a need to develop suitable cooperative systems; specifically Logistic C2. Nations bear ultimate responsibility for ensuring appropriate provision of logistic support to their forces but duplication of logistic functions should however be avoided and economies of scale realised at every opportunity. Fundamentally, in a MN operational context, logistic cooperation is dependant upon having appropriate and effective logistic C2 in place.|
C.34.R - PARTICIPATION IN THE SETTING UP OF A RECEPTION, STAGING
PARTICIPATION IN THE SETTING UP OF A RECEPTION, STAGING AND ONWARD MOVEMENT ORGANISATION IN CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS CARRIED OUT BY THE FINABEL COUNTRIES
Expeditionary operations are different from cold war operations with in–place forces. The process to transform forces from their peacetime location to combat ready units at their final destination is a key enabler for the combat capability of the mission.
All parties involved with the operation have a collective responsibility for the planning, control and execution of the RSOM process.
RSOM is not an exclusive logistic problem, but a multi-disciplinary one, with a large number of different capabilities. RSOM is a process with involvement of CIS, FP, Engineering, CS, Med and Log support, HN arrangements, TOA, CIMIC, intelligence gathering, MOU, SOFA and technical agreements, movement and deployment planning, finance, legal, etc. And this is more than bringing troops together in theatre.
RSOM should be tailored for each specific operation as the type and size of operations may vary, reflecting the nature of the operation, mission, terrain and climate conditions, enemy, civilian and even religious considerations, as well as troops available.Technological evolutions will improve ITV, better design of deployment capabilities and C4I systems. This must enable FINABEL countries in future to reach an Expeditionary Deployment and RSOI Concept, with all characteristics to provide ready forces to the mission to be performed.
C.33.R - DEFINITION OF THE AREAS OF LOGISTIC SUPPORT
DEFINITION OF THE AREAS OF LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR MULTINATIONAL EXTERNAL OPERATIONS IN WHICH THE ALLOCATION OF TASKS OR ADVANCED SPECIALISATION BETWEEN THE FINABEL COUNTRIES IS POSSIBLE AND CAN BE SET BEFORE THE START OF THE OPERATION
The study analyses national logistic capabilities and potential areas of further enhancements in multinational logistic approaches. Based on NATO and EU agreements, potential further developments and limitations of multinational logistics are assessed. NATO and EU multinational logistic documents are assessed as a solid basis on which FINABEL countries should build further progress. Areas of real and potential enhancements, the potential for some nations to specialise in specific logistic domains, visionary proposals for more multinational solutions and a proposed listing of existing and planned national logistic capabilities increase the options of FINABEL nations to solve multinational logistic challenges more effectively and economically