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Intelligence studies

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L.28.R - ISTAR CONCEPT FOR EU BATTLE GROUP (BG)

This study aims to provide Finabel countries with an ISTAR concept for EU Battle Group (BG) activities (Conflict Prevention, Separation of Parties by Forces, Evacuation, Assistance to Humanitarian Operations and Stabilisation, Reconstruction and Military Advice) carried out in a current operational framework and to provide the basis for the training necessary for the preparation of Finabel armies.

It could also give useful information to the Finabel and EU national planners, who are responsible for setting up, training and certifying the EU BG about the intelligence aspects, organisations and responsibilities of an ISTAR  structure in support of an EU BG.

L.26.R - THE IMPACT OF NETWORKED ENABLED CAPABILITY

THE IMPACT OF NETWORKED ENABLED CAPABILITY (NEC) ON ISTAR SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS

The aim of this study is to examine the opportunities and challenges presented by the development of NEC for ISTAR support in order to improve multinational effectiveness during future military operations. This study contributes to the Finabel unifying theme, seeking to enhance ISTAR support at the EUBG and Bde level in a joint and combined context, examining current, emerging and future ISTAR capabilities within NEC. The study, presenting positive and negative impacts, concludes that NEC as a combat multiplier, demands a strict collaboration between Finabel countries to allow equipment interoperability and common procedures. The recommendations are intended to generate an effective NEC system that will enhance ISTAR operations, that provides C4 systems with robust capabilities to facilitate the information flow within the network in order to explore technology enhancements.

L.27.R - INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT TO C-IED (COUNTER IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES) OPERATIONS.

FINABEL countries have felt the need to carry out a study representing a doctrinal reference point to counter the threat posed by IED, as proved by the often lethal attacks waged against the contingents of Finabel countries during the operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.  ied1bis
The aim of this study is to examine the Intelligence support to C-IED operations, in order to improve Finabel land forces effectiveness during future military operations. The study, after describing the critical aspects of IED threat (device and system) and emerging adversary TTP, will examine the intelligence support to define areas to counter the threat and to enhance the skills which Finabel countries should improve at operational / tactical levels within a multinational context. At the same time, the characteristics of IED, when containing CBRN agents, are taken in consideration.

L.25.R - ISTAR SUPPORT TO INFORMATION OPERATIONS (INFO OPS)

The provision of ISTAR support to Info Ops is a complex task requiring a wide range of co-ordinated collection assets directed and managed by G2 staff working in close harmony with Info Ops elements. This paper describes the Contemporary Operating Environment and defines Info Ops before examining how ISTAR can support the planning and prosecution of Info Ops, drawing deductions about the core capabilities required and how Info Ops should be considered within the context of the Intelligence Cycle. The deductions and recommendations drawn within the paper look to influence training, force generation as well as the manner in which ISTAR support Info Ops within the deployed force. Ultimately, the support of Info Ops by ISTAR will be a demanding role; it is based on assessments of human behaviour and cultural aspects and, in the current environment, the use of information activities to influence adversaries through non-kinetic means will become increasingly common. In order to gain the maximum effect from information activities, ISTAR support, particularly structured and organised to take into account the recommendations of this paper, will be essential.

L.23.R - ISTAR SUPPORT TO OPERATION IN URBAN AREAS

The underlying theme of this study is that in the urban environment many more factors have their influence on the mission than in open terrain. These flow from the complexity of the civil society and the infrastructure which makes up the urban environment. The study suggests how to approach the complex urban environment regarding the Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB). It describes the intelligence cycle from a point of view of urban operations. The possibilities and limitations of ISTAR operations in urban environment are analysed.

L.24.R - GENERIC OPPOSING FORCE

GENERIC OPPOSING FORCE FOR MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING PURPOSES

This study defines a range of GENOPFOR appropriate scenarios for the training of Finabel land forces.

This study consists of a Finabel user requirement setting the specification for the GENOPFOR, and an interactive CD-ROM containing three separate documents on :

- different possible overview and exercise scenarios ;

- examples of illustrative regular armies (strong and weak) ;

- examples of illustrative irregular forces (terrorist and guerilla movements) 

Its aim is to provide Finabel national staffs, schools or working groups with models, data and scenarios in order to build OPFOR to be used for instruction and training purposes 

L.22.R - Role of ISTAR in support of a deployed Task Force engaged in fighting terrorist activities.

This study aims at determining how a deployed Task Force engaged in fighting terrorist activities, could be best supported by ISTAR. The proposed subject is considered in the context of a joint environment and is not limited to land forces as in the current framework of Finabel studies. The study is set in the environment of expeditionary operations. It considers which ISTAR capabilities should be available and how they might be made more efficient in order to achieve situational awareness as an aid to countering this type of threat.

L.21.R - THE EMPLOYMENT OF BRIGADE-LEVEL ISTAR ASSETS IN THE 2015 TIMEFRAME.

This study discribes what ISTAR capabilities multinational brigades should have in the 2015 timeframe. It is investigated which assets and capabilities should be available in order to achieve a current situation picture, even in the newly developing highly complex operational environment. This includes the expected increasing number of armed conflicts in urban areas which combined with also an increase of asymmetrical threats, leads to a less clear cut dividing line between types of conflict. To meet these new challenges an effective joint and combined All Sources Intelligence will be essential.

L.20.R - INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT FORCE PROTECTION

This study identifies the manners, in which Intelligence can support the protection of a multinational force, in particular during crisis response operations.

Understanding other parties, the future environment of the Theatre of Operations (complex multipartite symmetrical and asymmetrical) and a particular approach in the way military operations will be conducted, are determining factors for the success of an operation.

Measures to protect the force should be planned and implemented as the result of a continuous Threat Assessment conducted by the Intelligence staff (ISTAR process and Security Intelligence).

Intelligence and information for Force Protection is equally important to good training and proper equipment of the troops.

The study recommends for a multinational Force involved in CRO, to produce the proper intelligence for the protection of the Force, through coherence of the intelligence process and effective training and/or exercising.

L.18.R - PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS.

CONTRIBUTION OF INTELLIGENCE TO THE PLANNING,P REPARATION AND CONTROL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL OPERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS
The aim of the study is to examine the basic role of intelligence to carry out psychological operations successfully within the context of a peace support operation.
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