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Force Engagement studies

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D.12.R - AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL

AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF NEW OPERATIONS (INCLUDING PEACE-SUPPORT) FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF ANTI-AIRCRAFT DEFENCE

To determine the criteria which must be met by the airspace control system in future operations, including peace support operations, carried out within a multinational framework, basically from the point of view of anti-aircraft defence, taking into account, however, the need for air operations, the presence of civilian aviation and the possible participation of countries who are not members of NATO.

To determine the inadequacies of the current system and the measures to be taken (relating, amongst other things, to the equipment and systems of command and control of operations (C2)) which, in the future, could lead to increased effectiveness of anti-aircraft defence and air operations in one same area.

To determine to what extent it is possible, already or in the short-term, to meet the criteria required for a future system.

To inform the air forces of the NATO nations of the fact that a lack of airspace coordination considerably limits the use of anti-aircraft artillery and represents an actual risk for the friendly users of the airspace. 

F.17.R - SURVIVAL OF ARTILLERY IN COMBAT IN THE 2010 TIMEFRAME

The role of the Artillery includes 2 main tasks:

 - a specific task of aggression in depth (up to approximately 100 km), as early and as far as possible;

 - a support task for the benefit of contact arms.

The aim of this report is to analyze the survival of surface-to-surface Artillery in the 2010 timeframe, identifying the technical and tactical measures to be adopted with a view to optimizing its operational capability during combat, taking account of the roles allocated to it.

F.23.R - CHANGES TO BE MADE TO THE COMMAND AND EMPLOYMENT OF THE ARTILLERY

This report describes the artillery's current and future missions and capabilities. It studies the question of whether, and possibly how the artillery employment doctrine must or could be altered to suit the changes and the acquisition of modern artillery systems, taking account of the general situation and of deciding factors such as the analysis of the threat, the range of missions and the technological changes in the acquisition assets, weapons and command systems.

The report also gives an account of any possible repercussions from the structural point of view.

In particular, the report draws conclusions with regard to the employment doctrine based on:

-           a threat from an enemy with similar capabilities,

-           a change in artillery requirements,

-           the changing technical requirements of the new artillery weapons systems,

-           the capabilities of future artillery weapons systems.

The aim of the report is also to analyse the impact of future technological changes on all the structures and attempts to show the interaction between the systems' capabilities and the employment doctrine.

K.24.R - THE AIRMOBILE UNITS’ 3D COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS

THE AIRMOBILE UNITS’ 3D COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF DEEP OPERATIONS

To establish the airspace control and coordination measures required for deep airmobile operations.

A.19.R PROTECTION OF FORCES WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF A FINABEL INTERVENTION UNDER MULTINATIONAL COMMAND

Security of the force is a constant concern for the commander of any operation. All military activities relating to the preparation, projection, employment or withdrawal of a military force always have an underlying security component aimed at ensuring that the commander has the prevention, warning and response capabilities to counter possible threats against the units under his command. The recent events (as prime example the terrorist attack of September 11th 2001) in the modern operational environment have shown the diversity of the threats and the changing nature of conflict (intensity, location, ways of engagement, opponents, etc.) This group of new elements (asymmetry, non-linearity) has imposed several deep changes in the composition and action of the forces engaged (multinational projected forces, etc ) to counter these new threats. Asymmetry, non linearity, multinational character, joint action, as well as the concern to limit "human losses" are new factors that increase the complexity of the operational environment and consequently the constant wish of the commander for the protection and safety of the forces under his command.

A.16.R -THE EFFECT OF THE OTTAWA CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF ANTI-PERSONNEL MINES IN SMALL UNIT

The aim of the study is to list and analyse the consequences, both tactical and doctrinal, of the prohibition of anti-personnel mines (AP mines) for use by the small units of the FINABEL Member States' land forces, and then make proposals and suggestions in these two areas.

A.13.R - EMPLOYMENT OF LAND FORCES IN BUILT-UP AREAS IN THE CONTEXT OF PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS

The aim of this is to define the procedures of use of FINABEL land forces in built-up areas for carrying out peace support operations.

D.13.R - OPERATIONAL CONCEPT OF AN ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY’S FUTURE C2 SYSTEM

OPERATIONAL CONCEPT OF AN ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY’S FUTURE C2 SYSTEM (COMMAND AND CONTROL)

The aim of this study is not to carry out another detailed analysis of this subject. It is appropriate, however, given the subject under discussion, to highlight some of its main characteristics and trends in order to redefine anti-aircraft defence and its objectives.

D.15.R - THE AIR THREAT IN THE 2015 TIMEFRAME

This study is based on the assumption that we are dealing with air forces, which have a whole range, of modern and sophisticated air warfare assets, and air forces with limited capabilities, which often include a few sophisticated systems. For the main part, it involves fixed?wing aircraft, rotary?wing aircraft and remotely piloted vehicles, as well as other aerodynamic vehicles. Defence against tactical ballistic missiles, whilst of vital importance is not currently one of the missions carried out by most of FINABEL Land Forces

D.16.R - THE ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY OF PROJECTION FORCES IN THE 2015 TIMEFRAME

This study studies the anti-aircraft artillery in the context of the deployment, outside the homeland of the FINABEL member countries, of a projection forces carrying out military actions in war or peace support. The projected force must have an anti-aircraft defence capable of operating during all phases of the projection operation. For anti-aircraft defence to be really effective, it is necessary that the land forces' surface-to-air defence system to be connected to the air defence C4I system. In the 2015 timeframe, it will be necessary to have interoperable command and control systems to enable an integrated global system to be set up.

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