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Force Engagement studies

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D.10.R - ANTI AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY IN CRISIS

ANTI AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY IN CRISIS AND IN PARTICULAR IN THE CONTEXT OF MULTINATIONAL AIRMOBILE  OPERATIONS

The aim of the paper is to establish a general concept of operations for the employment and implementation of anti aircraft artillery forces in various military engagements in time of crisis and to draw to the attention of FINABEL nations to any short comings that are identified, either nationally or multi nationally, in their ability to provide anti aircraft artillery defence in various operations and in particular in the context of multi national airmobile operations.

A.27.R - CLOSE AIR SUPPORT (CAS) OPERATIONS IN SUPPORT OF AN EUBG OPERATION.

The EUBG may be called upon to intervene in a wide variety of military operations.
In most cases, the ability to co-ordinate the activities of the Land and Air Components and the use of effective CAS, will be crucial for the success of its mission. CAS is provided by aircrafts and armed helicopters and it can be used by the EUBG in both offensive and defensive operations.
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The EUBG in order to be able to provide effective CAS to its troops, it needs to have the necessary C2 structure. Training should include CAS requests (preplanned and immediate), airspace management and FACs terminal guidance.

A.26.R - INTEGRATION OF EFFECTS WITHIN THE DECISION MAKING PROCESS

Recommendations for the integration of effects within the decision-making process and the implications on the structure and organization of HQs
In order to achieve his mission in today's complex environment of operating 'amongst the people', the commander, at the tactical level, must have a thorough understanding of the environment in which he finds himself; he must be capable of using all military and non-military means at his disposal; and he must be capable of making them converge in a complimentary manner towards the desired objective. He therefore needs to have at his disposal specific planning and operating processes as well as the various means which will allow him to plan his different actions, to measure their effects and to re-orientate them in the pursuit of further objectives.

A.25.R - EUROPEAN UNION BATTLE GROUP MANUAL

Guidance for operational preparation and tactical use eubg

Definition of generic missions which can be entrusted to the EU BG :

  • What to do with an EUBG?

Conceivable employment doctrine(s) for an EU BG at tactical level :

  • How to conduct an EUBG deployment?

A.24.R - OPERATIONAL CO-OPERATION WITH PRIVATE MILITARY COMPANIES (PMC)

POSSIBILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE OPERATIONAL CO-OPERATION WITH PRIVATE MILITARY COMPANIES (PMC)
pmc Since the late nineties, Private " Military " Companies (PMC) have increasingly become a common and widespread actor in all conflicts. Soldiers of fortune have been replaced by well organised and commercial companies of some standing, offering their services to all sorts of clients, governments included.

The use of PMC by third parties is increasing. PMC are more and more perceived as a convenient solution for high risk tasks. Military forces require an understanding of the methods of operation of such companies, in order that at the tactical, headquarters and individual soldiers have clear instructions as to the manner in which they should deal with PMC employees on the ground.

A.23.R - BALANCE OF METHODS OF ACTION, WITHIN THE CONTINUUM OF OPERATIONS, WHEN FACING AN INSURGENCY

RECOMMENDATIONS RELEVANT TO FORCE STRUCTURE AND HQ ORGANISATION.
After any external intervention Finabel countries forces will provide a supporting relationship to inter-agency nation building activity. While military stability methods of action will be key to maintaining a permissive environment in which other agencies can work, key to achieving this will be the countering of any emergent insurgency quickly and within the construct of inter-agency effort. After determining the principles to follow in this kind of operation, the study will highlight the key elements Finabel countries forces have to focus in the headquarters and in the structure of the force itself.

A.22.R - VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LAND FORCES DOCTRINE IN PARTICULAR WITH REGARD TO ASYMMETRIC THREATS

This paper suggests how doctrine might change over the next 10 years. Little of what is foreseeable is likely to bring about major changes to high-level doctrine. Areas highlighted as being novel in our new doctrine publications will probably be a source of operational or training lessons, which should be exploited. They might result in changes to practices and procedures.

A.21.R - FUTURE SOLDIER (SOLDIER MODERNISATION)

TACTICAL (DOCTRINE RELATED) CONSEQUENCES OF THE FUTURE SOLDIER (SOLDIER MODERNISATION) PROGRAMME futuresoldier
Instability, unpredictability and diversity will be the characteristics of the future security situation. In contrast to the smaller risk of large scale armed conflicts, FINABEL countries now face a greater likelihood of small scale, national or regional conflicts. So each FINABEL country set up different programs in order to implement the future soldiers capability.
These programs share common views on future scenarios, battlefield and same basis on future tasks. They are different on the ground of material, procurement timeline and budgets. This Study analyzes different national programs and studies and figures out the tactical consequences that such programs will lead to.

A.20.R - MECHANISED UNITS COMBAT IN URBAN AREA.

Mechanised units have advantages in this combat framework (armour, mobility, fire power and precision etc.), especially if the adversary is weak in anti-armour capability.
Each city has its own particular characteristics. The various threats (ambushes, population...) and vulnerabilities (difficulties of mutual support, reduced field of vision, etc) will always have to be taken into account in deciding upon the best form of organisation.
In violence control operations, intelligence, albeit decentralised, will play an important role during both planning and operational stages. In the reconstruction phase, intelligence is the key military capability.
International law and LOAC will be critical and proper constraints due to the presence of a civilian population, which may well prove to be an additional factor when operating in this type of environment.
ROE's will need to be thorough and detailed in their conceptualisation and that all soldiers will be obliged to observe them at all times. They should, however, be sufficiently clear and simple to permit swift and decisive implementation by the most junior soldier.


A.20.A - COMBAT TYRES


tyre2
The combat tyre must have qualities as similar as possible to those of the tyre with radial casing and with all-terrain tread, and have, as soon as possible, characteristics that have been standardised within FINABEL. Following being punctured it must enable the vehicle to maintain a level of mobility compatible with pursuing the mission in the conditions set in this Agreement.
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