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C.38.R - DEVELOPING LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EU BATTLE GROUP

Concepts and Doctrine are the processes through which we develop our requirement for future military capability to meet the required effects and establish how we will subsequently apply military capability to achieve those effects;

To support future expeditionary operations for launching an EU Battle Group our focus is increasingly on the development of logistic as an enabling capability: a highly effective, agile and networked component that underpins the operational commanders’ ability to execute their missions successfully. It will be multinational, integrated and interoperable, tested, certified, verified and developed to provide military commanders with confidence in their ability to deliver the required effect at the required operational tempo within a tailored made logistic footprint;

Success will be built on balanced, adaptable systems and force elements combined with converged, lean logistic processes, supply chains, maintenance and medical aspects;

This approach is fundamental to the support of a modern expeditionary strategy that emphasises flexible force packages and their rapid deploy ability, exploiting multimodal lines of communications over the required distances. A lean, agile and networked Logistic Support System enables rapid deployment with reduced footprints, whilst providing the required sustainability at the right time to the right place, in order to meet the demands of rapid reaction expeditionary operations.

C.37.R - CONTRACTOR SUPPORT TO MULTINATIONAL FORCES ON DEPLOYED OPERATIONS

This study has been written to enable the use of contractors on deployed operations in order to help nations and multinational forces to meet increasing operational demands, especially in theatres which have become benign, despite the conflicting demands of an ever tighter resource and manpower pool

There is a need to develop an agreed set of general principles and guidelines to provide a baseline from which contractor support concepts for coalition operations can be developed. Beyond the principles and the guidelines, it is also mentioned in the study the advantages and disadvantages of using contractor support. This solution is totally accepted in the operations integrated or controlled by Finabel countries. It may improve the existing resources in order to get better results and consequently reach the success of the mission.

The document gives special relevance to some points, such as :

-  Command and Control – it is considered that contractors can integrate the logistic chain of the force. On one hand it allows more efficient supervision of contractors activity, on the other an easier way to access to some supports by contractors.

-  Integration of contractors in the planning process – it could be very important for both parties, as they would be involved on the search of the best solutions. It allows, in the perspective of the force, a better coordination of supporting activities, the possibility to share information and the capacity to evaluate the performance of the contractor. For the contractor it ensures enough time to develop planning, preparation and training activities.

-  Contractors protection – the use of forces to ensure a close protection to the civilians must be analysed case by case. In general the protection of civilians must be guaranteed by the force through the implementation of an area security concept.

-  Possession of weapons – contractors must not be in possession of weapons, military uniforms or any kind of military symbols, as it could compromise the personal statute of civilians, putting in risk the possibility of being under certain international agreements and the accomplishment of the contracts.

-  Quality assurance – the efficiency of the contractor depends in a large way on the selection process. It must be very rigorous and must include a deep analysis to the company capabilities, to its administrative and economic situation and criminal record. This procedure will minimize the risk of the non-accomplishment of contracts.

-  Multi-purpose contract – the use of multipurpose contractors has important advantages, such as the possibility to be responsible for most of the contracted services, or even for all of them, enabling a better control over the contractor.

-  Risk management – it is considered the existence of two levels of risk. Security risk, inherent to military operations, and contract reliability risk related to the possibility of non-accomplishment of contracts. On the first case, risk must be accepted by both parties to allow the effectiveness of the contract. The second one is related to the contractor’s capability to ensure the contracted service. However it is important for the commander to maintain the sufficient military capability to take over the logistic support task.

-  Reversibility – it’s a very important contracting principle which defines, in case of non-accomplishment of contracts, that the Commandment of a force should maintain the adequate military capability to take over the logistic support task.

-  Multinational cooperation and transparency – nations have the possibility to share some information related to the contractors that will help them to choose the most efficient companies. This share of information may also give access to other logistic support solutions. 

C.27.R - DEFINITION AND ANALYSIS OF THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CIVILIAN-MILITARY COOPERATION

DEFINITION AND ANALYSIS OF THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CIVILIAN-MILITARY COOPERATION(CIMIC) WITHIN A MULTINATIONAL PEACE SUPPORT OPERATION

In the context of a peace support operation (PSO) carried out by a multinational force, the aim of the CIMIC study is to:

-      define the basic principles;

-      define the terminology;

-      describe the functional areas;

-      analyse the missions within a staff during all the stages of a peace support operation;

-      define the organisation and military structures needed for civilian-military cooperation to be efficient.

C.40.R - “GENERIC MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING,

The study is guidance to the TCN involved in the establishment of a EU Battlegroup. All the talks and the activities conducted during the planning phase must result in official documents where their intention has to be clearly stated.The study provides standardized formats to the TCN (MOU and TA) that could help them in the final phase of the EU Battlegroup planning process, where all the features of the operation have to be settled. Particularly relevant is the drafting of the Technical Agreement, where the highest level of accuracy is requested in order to avoid any kind of misunderstanding between the TCN.

C.29.R - USE AND MANAGEMENT OF CONTAINERS

USE AND MANAGEMENT OF CONTAINERS, SUB-CONTAINERS AND FLATRACKS BY THE FINABEL COUNTRIES IN THE CONTEXT OF MULTINATIONAL PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS

Out of an obvious concern for clarity, in this chapter we have chosen to explain the terminology and basic premises used throughout this study.

The concepts "container" and "flatracks" are defined in Annex A. This Annex also contains more detailed information on the concept of independent load carrier and lorry handling system, since they are linked with the use of sub-containers and flatracks.

The concept of "sub-container" can be defined as follows: it is a container (having 8 ISO corners) whose dimensions on the ground are less than ISO 10 x 8 feet.

The acronym CHE means "Container Handling Equipment". It denotes a wide range of lifting resources capable of taking hold of and moving sub-containers.

The acronym MHE means "Materials Handling Equipment". It denotes a wide range of lifting resources.

C.36.R - ORGANISATION OF THEATRE LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EXPEDITIONARY MULTINATIONAL TASK FORCE

PRINCIPLES OF ORGANISATION OF THEATRE LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR AN EXPEDITIONARY MULTINATIONAL TASK FORCE
The study defines the basic principles of organisation of Theatre Logistic Support for an expeditionary multinational task force. It covers all phases and logistic functions and emphasizes the C2 authority, visibility and capabilities are given to the Multinational Commander to execute his responsibilities for logistics efficiently and exercise his authority effectively. The coordination of support of a multinational force could be ensured by assigning an appropriate Logistics Staff under the Multinational Commander to conduct the detailed planning and execution of the JOA level plans and policies. Cooperation, coordination and synergy are fundamental to effective logistic support both among individual nations and within coalition frameworks and appropriate procedures must be in place to deliver operational effect.

C.30.R - COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN MILITARY AND CIVILIAN LOGISTICS

COMPLEMENTARITY BETWEEN MILITARY AND CIVILIAN LOGISTICS IN A THEATRE OF OPERATIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF A PEACE SUPPORT OPERATION

This document studies the conditions of greater complementarity between the capabilities resulting from military and civilian logistics through commercial agreements concluded with persons or businesses from the public or private sectors, to provide certain logistic functions in an area of operations during a peace support operation.

C.39.R - LOGISTIC INTELLIGENCE

LOGISTIC INTELLIGENCE: PRINCIPLES AND PROCEDURES FOR INFORMATION GATHERING AND ASPECTS TO BE ANALYZED

The aim of this study is to describe principles and procedures for gathering logistic information and producing logistic intelligence suitable for multinational planning processes focussing the study in quick response small size operations, such as those to be implemented by the EU BG.The purpose of this study is to draw up a list of those logistic aspects to be evaluated during planning and execution of a multinational force to facilitate the logistic planning process.

Logistic Intelligence is a major issue to be studied in multinational operations and makes it necessary to ensure that information is available prior to the deployment for force generation and planning purposes, and ensure that it is also available during operations.

After some relevant definitions, the study analyses the responsibilities in Log Intelligence requirements definition, information gathering and intelligence production.

The results of the study will be useful for EU BG and NRF operations, due to the similar characteristics of both concepts. 

C.23.R - ORGANISATION OF MEDICAL SUPPORT OF A MULTINATIONAL PEACE SUPPORT OPERATION

Following the redefinition of tasks for the armed forces of FINABEL nations, military units are deployed with increasing frequency in a multinational framework.  In a multinational operation, where capacity is available and within the limits of support provided for this type of engagement, the technical facilities of the medical services of the various countries must be able where necessary to meet the most urgent needs of the surrounding civilian population

C.33.R - DEFINITION OF THE AREAS OF LOGISTIC SUPPORT

DEFINITION OF THE AREAS OF LOGISTIC SUPPORT FOR MULTINATIONAL EXTERNAL OPERATIONS IN WHICH THE ALLOCATION OF TASKS OR ADVANCED SPECIALISATION BETWEEN THE FINABEL COUNTRIES IS POSSIBLE AND CAN BE SET BEFORE THE START OF THE OPERATION

The study analyses national logistic capabilities and potential areas of further enhancements in multinational logistic approaches. Based on NATO and EU agreements, potential further developments and limitations of multinational logistics are assessed. NATO and EU multinational logistic documents are assessed as a solid basis on which FINABEL countries should build further progress. Areas of real and potential enhancements, the potential for some nations to specialise in specific logistic domains, visionary proposals for more multinational solutions and a proposed listing of existing and planned national logistic capabilities increase the options of FINABEL nations to solve multinational logistic challenges more effectively and economically

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