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Command and Control studies

Documents

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R.15.R - REQUIREMENTS FOR AND CONSEQUENCES OF LINKING C2IS AND SIMULATION TOOLS

REQUIREMENTS FOR AND CONSEQUENCES OF LINKING C2IS AND SIMULATION TOOLS AS AN AID TO DECISION-MAKING, INSTRUCTION AND TRAINING IN MULTINATIONAL OPERATIONS

Study R.15.R studies the operational advantages gained in linking C2IS and simulation, in order to facilitate decision-making and personnel instruction and training, especially in the area of multinational operations. It seeks to identify the existing overall capabilities, the possibilities offered by the technological advances, any possible technical problems, and the strategy and policy to be adopted in the context of international cooperation, within the FINABEL countries. The study presents conclusions and recommendations on the future strategy and policy, the general principles and cooperation between the FINABEL countries.

R.16.R - RECIPROCAL INFLUENCE OF DIGITISATION AND FUNCTIONING OF A MULTINATIONAL HQ

To study to what extent digitisation of the battle space will make the command and control of multinational operations more effective (at corps, division and brigade level) within the 2010 timeframe and to make recommendations in this regard.

R.17.R - BATTLESPACE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT POLICY

The aim of this study is to define the FINABEL BSM policy and to make recommendations

R.18.R - EMPLOYMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CCIS) FOR THE SUPPORT OF CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS (CRO

EMPLOYMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CCIS) FOR THE SUPPORT OF CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS (CROs)

The document sets out the employment characteristics of information systems (CCIS) during crisis response operations in a multinational context and draws up a concept to ensure maximum support. It studies the nature and constraints of CROs, CROs and the sphere of information, CCIS in CROs and the assessment and problems linked to CCIS in general

R.19.R - INFORMATION WARFARE IN THE CURRENT THEATRE OF OPERATIONS

FINABEL is embracing a new era characterized by the accelerating growth of information, information sources and information dissemination capabilities supported by information technology. This new era, the so-called Information Age, offers unique opportunities as well as some formidable challenges.

Responding to the challenges and opportunities of the Information Age, the Army is being prepared for operations today as well as in the twenty-first century. Information Warfare integrates all aspects of information to accomplish the full potential for enhancing the conduct of military operations. The military objective remains to enter an operational theater capable of achieving superior relative combat power against an enemy, or to establish situational dominance in operations other than war (OOTW).

This manual addresses the operational context of Information Warfare (IW), relevant terminology and the environment of IW and introduces FINABEL to international opinions on this issue.

R.20.R - FACILITATION OF COMMAND AND CONTROL OF MULTINATIONAL FORCES

Lessons learned from past multinational operations have shown shortfalls in command and control. Based on principles drawn from study T.26.R, the study proposes solutions and recommendations to facilitate the command and control of multinational forces provided that each solution must be adapted to the very operation. Challenges and opportunities of multinational C2 are also addressed

R.21.R - NAVIGATION WARFARE (NAVWAR) IN FUTURE MULTINATIONAL JOINT OPERATIONS

GNSS is becoming one of the crucial Information and Space Based Technologies (ISBT) used by Finabel military forces. It provides benefits for land-based military operations in terms of self-location accuracy, navigation and target location. In addition, sophisticated communications and C2 systems rely on GPS signals to provide a precise time reference. It allows the definition of a common position grid for joint operations and improves battlefield management. Emerging digitized environments and network centric architectures make the availability of PNT information critical for a rapid and clear Common Operational Picture (COP) necessary to develop Situational Awareness (SA).

Although important, GNSS is a vulnerable element of our electronic infrastructure. Problems can occur due to interference of the signals, such as signal blocking, attenuation, unintentional interference, deliberate jamming and spoofing. The GNSS receivers are an attractive target for electronic jamming and the technology to attack our systems is available to a range of potential adversaries and constitutes a realistic threat. These aspects need careful consideration as future military operations will increasingly rely on the information provided by GNSS.

It is therefore important that Finabel Nations develop NAVWAR capability including the training and procedural aspects of their use.

C.35.R - COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2) IN THE FIELD OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS

COMMAND AND CONTROL (C2) IN THE FIELD OF MULTINATIONAL LOGISTICS : ANALYSIS OF MULTINATIONAL COMMANDER’S AUTHORITY WITH RESPECT TO NATIONAL AND MULTINATIONAL LOGISTIC FUNCTIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES.
There is a trend towards MN operations which, from a logistics perspective, can help to optimise the use of limited national resources and maximise the logistic capability available to the force as a whole. Reliance on add-hoc solutions is unlikely to deliver the effectiveness and efficiency sought and this suggests a need to develop suitable cooperative systems; specifically Logistic C2. Nations bear ultimate responsibility for ensuring appropriate provision of logistic support to their forces but duplication of logistic functions should however be avoided and economies of scale realised at every opportunity. Fundamentally, in a MN operational context, logistic cooperation is dependant upon having appropriate and effective logistic C2 in place.

R.22.R - NETWORK ENABLED CAPABILITY CHALLENGES

NETWORK ENABLED CAPABILITY CHALLENGES AND CONSEQUENCES FOR C2 IN JOINT AND COMBINED OPERATIONS

The study referes to the different national points of view on NEC before focussing on the comprehensive and overarching nature of NEC. The added-value chain and various interoperability areas are described. Within the main body the influence of NEC on multinational and national operations is discussed in depth and the advantages/ disadvantages, risks, challenges and opportunities of NEC are examined

R.23.R - ENHANCING THE C2 OF MULTINATIONAL OPERATIONS THROUGH THE USE OF REACH BACK CAPABILITIES

This study concentrates primarily on the conceptual aspects of reach back and its support to Command and Control of multinational operations. The study provides guidance to nations intending to create a reach back capability, and to commanders in the use of reach back in a multinational operation. It describes some national and multinational experiences with reach back or related concepts, the possible benefits of reach back, the risks and challenges related to it and several issues relevant for the implementation of reach back. These are described along the following aspects: organisational, procedural, human factors and information exchange.
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