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Command and Control studies

Documents

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R.25.R A guide to the development and implementation of Command and Control procedures and practises

The deployment of an EUBG has a number of benefits; principally, at the political level, it demonstrates multinational resolve to engage in emerging problems.  It also brings the complications associated with multinationality.  For the benefits of such a deployment to be realised, the potential difficulties must be identified and addressed early.  This paper does not set out the necessary C2 procedures required by an EUBG, rather it exposes the principle methods to developing and implementing those procedures.

R.24.R - INFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN A DIGITIZED BATTLE SPACE

This study proposes to provide guidance for information management policy. It represents the first reference to Finabel nations’ doctrine in order to develop IM in their respective deployed HQs. It contributes to a better and common understanding of what is the management of information.

Consequently, it proposes key definitions, principles and terminology as well some key elements for the implementation of information management in a multinational and digitized HQ in operation. Implementation of IM is presented in terms of responsibilities and possible organization.

This study covers the management of all information in a HQ, such as the ISTAR concept.

It also identifies the main SOPs and SOIs to be written for an efficiency management of information in a deployed HQ.

R.23.R - ENHANCING THE C2 OF MULTINATIONAL OPERATIONS THROUGH THE USE OF REACH BACK CAPABILITIES

This study concentrates primarily on the conceptual aspects of reach back and its support to Command and Control of multinational operations. The study provides guidance to nations intending to create a reach back capability, and to commanders in the use of reach back in a multinational operation. It describes some national and multinational experiences with reach back or related concepts, the possible benefits of reach back, the risks and challenges related to it and several issues relevant for the implementation of reach back. These are described along the following aspects: organisational, procedural, human factors and information exchange.

R.22.R - NETWORK ENABLED CAPABILITY CHALLENGES

NETWORK ENABLED CAPABILITY CHALLENGES AND CONSEQUENCES FOR C2 IN JOINT AND COMBINED OPERATIONS

The study referes to the different national points of view on NEC before focussing on the comprehensive and overarching nature of NEC. The added-value chain and various interoperability areas are described. Within the main body the influence of NEC on multinational and national operations is discussed in depth and the advantages/ disadvantages, risks, challenges and opportunities of NEC are examined

R.21.R - NAVIGATION WARFARE (NAVWAR) IN FUTURE MULTINATIONAL JOINT OPERATIONS

GNSS is becoming one of the crucial Information and Space Based Technologies (ISBT) used by Finabel military forces. It provides benefits for land-based military operations in terms of self-location accuracy, navigation and target location. In addition, sophisticated communications and C2 systems rely on GPS signals to provide a precise time reference. It allows the definition of a common position grid for joint operations and improves battlefield management. Emerging digitized environments and network centric architectures make the availability of PNT information critical for a rapid and clear Common Operational Picture (COP) necessary to develop Situational Awareness (SA).

Although important, GNSS is a vulnerable element of our electronic infrastructure. Problems can occur due to interference of the signals, such as signal blocking, attenuation, unintentional interference, deliberate jamming and spoofing. The GNSS receivers are an attractive target for electronic jamming and the technology to attack our systems is available to a range of potential adversaries and constitutes a realistic threat. These aspects need careful consideration as future military operations will increasingly rely on the information provided by GNSS.

It is therefore important that Finabel Nations develop NAVWAR capability including the training and procedural aspects of their use.

R.20.R - FACILITATION OF COMMAND AND CONTROL OF MULTINATIONAL FORCES

Lessons learned from past multinational operations have shown shortfalls in command and control. Based on principles drawn from study T.26.R, the study proposes solutions and recommendations to facilitate the command and control of multinational forces provided that each solution must be adapted to the very operation. Challenges and opportunities of multinational C2 are also addressed

R.19.R - INFORMATION WARFARE IN THE CURRENT THEATRE OF OPERATIONS

FINABEL is embracing a new era characterized by the accelerating growth of information, information sources and information dissemination capabilities supported by information technology. This new era, the so-called Information Age, offers unique opportunities as well as some formidable challenges.

Responding to the challenges and opportunities of the Information Age, the Army is being prepared for operations today as well as in the twenty-first century. Information Warfare integrates all aspects of information to accomplish the full potential for enhancing the conduct of military operations. The military objective remains to enter an operational theater capable of achieving superior relative combat power against an enemy, or to establish situational dominance in operations other than war (OOTW).

This manual addresses the operational context of Information Warfare (IW), relevant terminology and the environment of IW and introduces FINABEL to international opinions on this issue.

R.18.R - EMPLOYMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CCIS) FOR THE SUPPORT OF CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS (CRO

EMPLOYMENT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS (CCIS) FOR THE SUPPORT OF CRISIS RESPONSE OPERATIONS (CROs)

The document sets out the employment characteristics of information systems (CCIS) during crisis response operations in a multinational context and draws up a concept to ensure maximum support. It studies the nature and constraints of CROs, CROs and the sphere of information, CCIS in CROs and the assessment and problems linked to CCIS in general

R.17.R - BATTLESPACE ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT POLICY

The aim of this study is to define the FINABEL BSM policy and to make recommendations

R.16.R - RECIPROCAL INFLUENCE OF DIGITISATION AND FUNCTIONING OF A MULTINATIONAL HQ

To study to what extent digitisation of the battle space will make the command and control of multinational operations more effective (at corps, division and brigade level) within the 2010 timeframe and to make recommendations in this regard.

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